Home > Climate & Weather of Nepal

Nepal is a country with significant variants of geographical features and regions. With a range of 60 m to 8848 m above the sea level in altitude, there is a great variety of climates and weathers in Nepal. Nepal is located in subtropical latitude constituting for its variations in climates. Nepal has five seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.In the Tarai (southern Nepal), summer temperatures exceed 40° C and above 45° C in some areas, while winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet to sub zero.
The Kathmandu Valley has a pleasant climate with average summer temperatures of 20°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C in winter. Average temperatures in Nepal drop 6°C for every 1,000 m you gain in altitude.
The Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold winds blowing from Central Asia in winter, and form the northern boundary for monsoon rains. Some places like Manang and Mustang fall in the rain-shadow behind the mountains and are mostly dry.
Eighty percent of all the rain in Nepal is received during the monsoon (June-September).
Winter rains are more pronounced in the western hills. The average annual rainfall is 1,600 mm, but it varies by eco-climatic zones, such as 3,345 mm in Pokhara and below 300 mm in Mustang.
There is no seasonal constraint on traveling in and through Nepal. Even in December and January, when winter is at its severest, there are compensating bright sun and brilliant views.


Seasons & Weather of Nepal

1. Summer – (June- August)
The Monsoon season in Nepal starts from June and lasts until about mid-September. In this season, it is most likely to rain all day. The mornings and evenings are also generally cloudy. The significant rainfall during the monsoon season is during July and August. Eighty per cent of the total rain in Nepal is during this season. Moreover, the weather in the mountain region during this season is highly unpredictable. Most of the views are likely to be blocked by fogs and clouds. However, the occasional cloud parts and sunlight give the most beautiful views of the mountains. The forests also become lush and green during this season, making it a delightful sight for the eyes. If you are planning to trek the higher hills and mountains of Nepal during this time, it can be quite the challenge, but it also offers an experience of a lifetime.
2. Autumn – (September-November)
The autumn season is one of the most pleasant seasons for travel and trekking in Nepal. This season starts from September and lasts until November. The skies are clear in this season and the days are warm but not too hot. Autumn season offers the best views of mountains and hills and the abundance of scenarios in Nepal. The temperatures range at about 25 degree Celsius on the days and about 10 degree Celsius at night. However, in the higher elevations, it is already freezing during this time of year.
3. Winter – (December- February)
The winter season in Nepal lasts from December to February. The days are chilly in lowlands and mountainous areas, but in the elevated Himalayas, it is much less temperature. The days are bright, except sometimes. The winter season provides the best view of the snow-capped mountains as the skies are clear. This season is much drier than others, but winter monsoon is a possibility in the western parts of Nepal. At the higher elevation, and sometimes at the lower altitude of 2500 m, heavy snowfalls will occur. The coldest months are January and February. This season can prove to be very adventurous for travel and trekking. However, it requires a lot of preparation due to the extreme climates in the Himalayas.
4. Spring – (March-May)
The spring season in Nepal is another perfect season for travel and trekking. Especially in the Himalayas, the scenario of the fully bloomed Rhododendron forests is exquisite. The mornings are bright and refreshing in this season. Occasional rainfall and thundering is, however, a possibility. The spring season has the most beautiful views with colorful flowers and greenery all around. This season doesn’t encounter much snow, making the Himalaya trails easier. 


Final words on the climate And Weather of Nepal.

Travelling in and through Nepal is not subject to seasonal constraints. Even in       December and January, when winter is at its worst, bright sun and beautiful views compensate for the cold. Like most trekking fields in Nepal, spring and autumn are the best time to visit. Spring is the time for rhododendrons, while after the monsoon in October and November the clearest skies are discovered.
Nepal is a four-season destination, and the sky is the limit.

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