- Continent: Asia
- Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Location: Situated between India in the south, east, and west and Tibetan autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China in the north.
- Area: 147,181 sq. km.
- Length: 885 km. (East to West)
- Width: Non-uniform, mean width of 193 km. (North to South)
- Political System: Democratic Republic
- Population: 25 Million
- Population Growth Rate: 2.2 %
- People: Nepal has more than 100 ethnic groups and 110 spoken languages.
- Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity.
Nepal is a small country located in South Asia. Politically of Nepal ruled as a kingdom till to the date of 28the May of 2008 but today it is the Federal Democratic Republic. The head of the state is President and the cabinet with the executive power rule the country under the chairmanship of Prime Minister.
Nepal is a small country, but it is a world in itself as it is rich naturally and culturally. It is one of the most popular travel destinations for tourists all over the world. The Himalayas of Nepal consists of eight of the ten highest peaks in the world including Mt. Everest, the highest of the world. However, there is much more to Nepal than just Mt. Everest and its minions. Mighty rivers tumble down from the Himalayas offering world-class rafting opportunities and the plains of the Terai are dotted with jungle reserves that shelter some of Asia’s most exotic wildlife. Indeed, the breath-taking biotic diversity that can be found here has given the country natural affluence matched by few places on this earth. Nepal is a gateway to adventure in Tibet and Bhutan. Due to the best geographical distribution and variation in altitude, very rare species of flora and fauna are found here.
Nepal’s cultural heritage is unique. A rich culture, different types of ethnic groups, Peculiar traditions, and innocent and friendly people are the precious ornaments of this nation. So a person who steps on this land will definitely go back to his home with some wonderful memories. The breath-taking landscapes, snow-capped peaks, fantastic eye-catching panoramic views are major attractions in Nepal. The Kathmandu valley with temples, shrines, and other monuments packed into its nook and cranny as well as its arts and crafts, architecture and the year-round celebrations that mark numerous festivals is the cultural hub of the nation. The practices and beliefs of the diverse communities living elsewhere in the Kingdom have added extra color and flavor to Nepal’s vibrant culture.
Trekking in Nepal is one of the popular tourism activities in Nepal. Nepal has three major and popular trekking regions: Everest trekking, Annapurna trekking, Langtang trekking, beside them other trekking trails such as Kanchenjunga region trekking, Makalu region trekking, Manaslu region trekking, Ganesh Himal region trekking, Rolwaling region trekking, Panch Pokhari trekking, Dhaulagiri trekking, Mustang region trekking, Narphu valley trekking, Sailung trekking, etc. are also popular among the trekkers. Undoubtedly, Nepal is the best destination for the trekkers who are looking for varied tastes.
Climate of Nepal: Favorable weather patterns of immense proportions.
The climate of Nepal is a spring of different seasons. Autumn and spring are a wonderful joy; Not only for tourists coming to Nepal but also for local people. Autumn is from early September to early December and the sky is bright blue with sunny days and cool nights with a full moon. Spring actually lasts from February to May with occasional rain. Monsoon starts from June to September with sporadic rains in October. And the mountains are usually hidden by clouds. But there is always something going on for tourists in Nepal and preparations for summer climbing and trekking in the Himalayan regions of Mustang, Nar Phu, Dolpo and Tibet begin. These regions are located in the rain-shadow regions of the country and surprisingly receive significantly less rainfall than the southern regions.