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Top 10 facts about Lumbini: Birthplace of Lord Buddha

Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha is a Buddhist pilgrimage site located in the Rupandehi district of Nepal. Queen Maha Mayadevi gave birth to Lord Buddha in a beautiful garden known to the world as Lumbini on the way to her parents’ house from her house in Kapilvastu.

Top 10 Facts About Lumbini

1. At the time of Lord Buddha’s birth (623 BC) Lumbini was a beautiful garden which was usually looked after by Sakya of Kapilavastu and Koilya of Devadaha.

2. After Buddha’s death, the beautiful garden of Lumbini was turned into a place of pilgrimage

3. Emperor Ashoka made a royal pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, in 249 BC. Here he worshiped the birthplace of the Buddha and left many monuments to propagate the Dhamma. Ashoka erected a pillar with an inscription to commemorate his visit, which is now commonly known as the Ashoka Pillar.

4. Lumbini was rediscovered on 1 December 1896 by Dr Fuhrer (a German) and Khadg Shamsher Rana (a Nepalese scholar). They excavated the mounds of Lumbini and uncovered the Ashoka pillar and found the famous inscription mentioning the birth place of Shakyamuni Buddha in Lumbini.

5. In the year 1933-39, General Kesher Shamsher did a big excavation in Lumbini. He exposed the structures through unscientific methods which caused great damage to the site. He expanded the Sakya pond with steps and a brick perimeter.

6. On the occasion of the 4th Congress of the World Buddhist Fellowship held in Kathmandu in 1956, the participants felt the need to rebuild the sacred garden of Lumbini.

7. The International Committee for the Development of Lumbini was formed in New York in 1970. The committee had consulted world renowned Japanese architect Prof. Kenzo Tange to design the master plan of Lumbini.

8. In 1997, Lumbini was listed as a World Heritage Site.

9. Before his death at Kusinara, Lord Buddha said: “This (Lumbini) is the place where the Tathagata was born, it is a place that one who has faith, devotion and contemplation should visit and awakens awareness. And the terrifying nature of impermanence.” ”

10. Today pilgrims and visitors from all over the world flock to Lumbini, a timeless place where ancient monuments mark the authenticity of the birthplace.

Other holy places of Lord Buddha

  • Siddhartha Gautama (Lord Buddha) was born in Lumbini.
  • At the age of 29, he sacrificed himself
  • At the age of 35 attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya
  • He first preached at Sarnath
  • He died in Kusinara at the age of 80.

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